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Interplay between anemia parameters and collateral status in patients who undergo mechanical thrombectomy

      Highlights

      • Anemia is associated with higher morbidity and mortality, but its association with acute ischemic stroke patients is not well established.
      • We aim to determine the association of five-day anemia parameters with clinical outcomes depending on the pre-MT (mechanical thrombectomy) collateral status.
      • Our study demonstrated that patients with good cerebral collaterals are sensitive to anemia as opposed to patients with poor cerebral collaterals.

      Abstract

      Introduction

      Anemia is associated with higher morbidity and mortality, but its association with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is not well established. We aim to determine the association of five-day anemia parameters with clinical outcomes in patients with an AIS, depending on their pre-mechanical thrombectomy (MT) collateral status.

      Methods

      We performed a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent MT at a comprehensive stroke center from 7/2014 to 12/2020. The patients were divided into good and poor collateral groups depending on their pre-MT collateral status. A blinded board-certified neuroradiologist used collateral grading scale of Maas ≥ 3 to designate good collaterals on the pre-MT CT Angiogram. A binary logistic regression analysis was performed, controlling for the baseline parameters, with the five-day anemia parameters as predictors. The outcomes were functional independence (mRS 0–2), mortality, and early neurological improvement.

      Results

      A total of 220 met the inclusion criteria. 94 (42.72 %) patients had good collaterals, while 126 (57.27 %) patients had poor collaterals. In the multivariable analysis, for patients with good collaterals, the higher values of five-day mean Hb (12.41 ± 1.87 vs 11.32 ± 1.95; OR, 0.72; 95 % CI, 0.54–0.95; P 0.018), five-day mean HCT (37.43 ± 5.1 vs 34.35 ± 5.5; OR, 0.89; 95 % CI, 0.81–0.98; P 0.018) and lower values of the difference between peak and trough values of Hb (1.75 ± 1.15 vs 2.41 ± 1.35; OR, 1.71; 95 % CI, 1.07–2.74; P 0.025) were associated with functional independence. For patients with poor collaterals, there was no association between five-day mean Hb, mean HCT parameters with functional independence, lower mortality, and early neurological improvement.

      Conclusion

      Our study was suggestive of an association between higher mean values of Hb and HCT over a five-day period and good clinical outcomes in patients with good collaterals who undergo MT for an anterior circulation LVO. This association was not found in the poor collateral group.

      Keywords

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