- •Immunosuppressed patients are at higher risk of brain abscess and meningitis.
- •Small abscesses on eloquent areas may be treated with medical therapy alone.
- •Close clinical and radiological monitoring is essential to guide treatment.
- •Radiological worsening may be due to Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome.
The incidence of brain abscess is higher among immunosuppressed patients. We report a case of a brain abscess in the temporal lobe in a patient under treatment with adalimumab and methotrexate, who developed radiological worsening. Clinical remission was essential to suspect Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome and to continue empirical antimicrobial therapy due to the low suspicion of worsening of the abscess itself.
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Published online: January 02, 2019
Accepted: December 23, 2018
Received: November 25, 2018
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.