- •GKS is an effective treatment for residual or recurrent intracranial hemangiopericytomas (HPC).
- •GKS can achieve the favorable local control in low- and high-grade HPC.
- •Extracranial metastasis is a common cause of death, particularly in high-grade HPC.
Residual or recurrent hemangiopericytoma (HPC) has been treated with radiosurgery; however, its long-term outcome is not well known. This study is to investigate the long-term outcome of gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) for residual or recurrent HPCs. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 18 patients who underwent gamma knife radiosurgery for residual or recurrent HPCs. Of the 18 patients, 10 patients had high-grade HPCs (27 tumors) and 8 had low-grade HPCs (13 tumors). Median overall survival (OS) after the first GKS was 134.7 months and actuarial survival rate at 1, 5, and 10 years was 85.6%, 85.6%, and 37.4%, respectively. At the last follow-up, local tumor control was achieved in 32 (80.0%) of the 40 GKS-treated tumors. New lesions developed out of initial GKS target in 8 patients (44.4%). They were also treated with additional GKS. The actuarial local control rate of 40 tumors at 1-, 3-, and 5-years was 89.3%, 60.9%, and 37.5%, respectively. The median local recurrence-free interval of 40 tumors after initial GKS for each lesion was 86.1 months for low-grade and 40.5 months for high-grade tumors (p = 0.010). Extracranial metastases developed in 7 (38.9%) patients with high-grade pathology and became a cause of death in 3 patients. Intracranial tumor control can be achieved over the long term, though additional GKS is frequently necessary. Extracranial metastasis is common in HPC of high-grade pathology. Close surveillance and aggressive treatment is recommended not only for intracranial tumor but also for possible extracranial metastases.
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Published online: October 18, 2016
Accepted: October 2, 2016
Received: July 3, 2016
© 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd.